Noh terminology dictionary


Toyotomi Hideyoshi

From 1537 (Tenbun 6) to 1598 (Keicho 3). He is a warlord of the Azuchi-Momoyama period. From a peasant to a world-renowned man, he is said to be “the best person in the Sengoku period.” In addition to being a talented military walord, he was also a large patron who supported the culture of the Momoyama period, such as architecture, painting, Noh / Kyogen, and tea ceremony. He was so fond of Noh that he was said to be “crazy Noh,” and he danced Noh himself in front of the emperor, and he himself made the leading role in Noh. Including the Noh, entertainment is mass that is transmitted to collect a large number of people and Hideyoshi is said to have attracted the force on the system side by becoming a patron of Noh and Kyogen. The Tokugawa family also took over this and protected it as a Noh ceremony music of the Edo Shogunate , laying the foundation for the transmission of Noh and Kyogen. In this way, Hideyoshi’s existence was very important for Noh and Kyogen.



1363 (Sadaharu 2)? ~ 1443 (Kakitsu 3)? .. He is a Noh actor and creator in the early Muromachi period. His name is Motokiyo, and his common name is Saburo. The eldest son of Kan’ami , the second generation Kanze Daio. Along with his father, he is a master of Noh and is sometimes called “the king of Noh.” He seemed to be an outstanding beautiful child, and gained the favor of Yoshimitsu Ashikaga, and all the warlords around him supported him. Father after the death, joining the Kanze style, in order to develop a style that competes with other styles he wrote a famous Noh book as “Fuushi Kaden” . However, when the shogun- commander moved from Yoshimitsu and Yoshimochi to Yoshinori, the interest for Zeami style was lost. Zeami in his later years, after he lost his son Motomasa and Motoyoshi, and was swept away by the shogun’s instinct to Sado, and he seems to have died unfortunately. But he is always also highly regarded as a Noh actor, and many of the famous songs currently being performed, such as “Takasago,” “Kiyotsune,” “Izutsu,” “Kinuta,” and “Fusion,” are considered to be Zeami’s works.


Kan’ami / Kan’ami

1333 (Genko 3) – 1384 (Shitoku 1). He is a Noh actor and creator of the Northern and Southern Dynasties. The name is Kiyotsugu. Kanze is a stage name. He is the first Kanze lord and the founder of Shite in Kanze style school. Along with his child Zeami , he is a great master of Noh and is sometimes called “Noh ancestor”. He lead the Noh actor of “Yuzaki- style”, one of the four Yamato Saraugaku Style   and based on his outstanding musical sense, he created the new sensation of chanting which adds a sense of rhythm of Kuse mai and he had gained immense popularity. According to Zeami ‘s message book , Kan’ami was a big man, but when he played the role of a woman, he seemed to be fine, and he fascinated the audience with his high acting ability. Also highly evaluated as the Noh author, “Jinen Koji- natural Cosi”, “Komachi ”, ” Shino Shoushou (Kayoi Komachi)” are masterpieces.



It is one of the medieval Noh performing arts that flourished from the Nanbokucho period to the Muromachi period. Also written in other word as “久世舞-Kuse Mai” and also called “Mai-mai” and “Mai”. It is said that actors sang while holding a fan and singing along with the drum in the performing arts of one-person dance or two-person dance, but even with the same name, it seems that there was a big difference depending on the times. It is said that Noh actor Kan’ami (Kan’ami) was incorporating the music of Kuseimai into Noh, and “Noh Kuse ” is to be established. In addition, the famous “kōwakamai ” as Nobunaga Oda (Nobunaga Oda) was dancing is prosperity in the late Muromachi period, at the time kusemai is said that it was there to represent. It should be noted, Kongo style, Kita style in an advanced Utaimono song such as ” Rangyoku song ” . We noted that tt is kusemai.